“The challenging first step to address the burden of kidney disease in Africa is to establish the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) […] Although poor data quality limit definitive inferences, our findings suggest that CKD is a substantial health burden in sub-Saharan Africa with many risk factors, including many communicable and noncommunicable diseases. These findings are of global interest and should signal a call to action.”
Background: Amid rapid urbanisation, the HIV epidemic, and increasing rates of non-communicable diseases, people in sub-Saharan Africa are especially vulnerable to kidney disease. Little is known about the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in sub-Saharan Africa, so we did a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the epidemiology of the disease.
Findings: In sub-Saharan Africa, CKD is a substantial health burden with risk factors that include communicable and non-communicable diseases. However, poor data quality limits inferences and draws attention to the need for more information and validated measures of kidney function especially in the context of the growing burden of non-communicable diseases.