Monitoring Road Safety | Global Public Health | ePub
“In order for Global Road Safety advocacy to succeed, country governments should make considerable political and economic commitments to address the problem. Reliable data on road traffic burden is critical for drawing attention to the road injury problem, for monitoring the progress of implemented legislative changes, for setting country priorities and evaluating the impact of local policies and expenditures…Emphasis should be put on strengthening and expanding existing data systems and developing efficient strategies for linking data across systems to gather additional and complex information on road safety on a country level”
The United Nations Road Safety Collaboration (UNRSC) was set up in 2004 in response to the recognized need for the United Nations (UN) system to encourage efforts to address the global road safety crisis. In 2010, the UN General Assembly Resolution 64/255 declared 2011–2020 the Decade of Action for Road Safety with the overarching goal of stabilizing and reducing the forecasted number of road traffic deaths by increasing activities at national, regional and global levels. In 2011, a Plan of Action for the Decade of Action, a tool to support the development of national and local plans of action, was launched. Countries are encouraged to implement activities according to the five pillars set out by the Plan of Action. The UNRSC, tasked to evaluate the overall impact of the Decade, developed and populated indicators for each pillar. Currently, 36 of 38 proposed indicators are populated by baseline data for 2010 from the second Global status report for road safety. However, gaps exist in data quality and availability on a global level. Therefore, there is an urgent need for improving data quality and availability to measure the progress of the Decade of Action.