This article presents findings from the Cameroon Essential Health Intervention Project (CENHIP), which piloted nurse-led clinics at the primary health care level for the management of NCDs, including asthma, epilepsy, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. In addition to the published analysis of the pilot clinics and accompanying nurse training program, the authors include example patient forms and assessment tools that were used through the program.
Released in March 2015, the Empowered Entrepreneur Training Handbook provides training materials designed for women micro-entrepreneurs in building business development and leadership skills to scale the implementation of clean cooking solutions. Addressing household air pollution in low-income countries will reduce the risk of many NCDs and injuries in these settings.
Prepared in January 2011 by the Ministry of Health in Kenya and the Kenya Association for the Prevention of TB and Lung Diseases (KAPTLD), these materials provide tested international clinical guidelines for asthma, adapted for the Kenyan context. While specific to Kenya, these guidelines could be used as a blueprint for similar East African or sub-Saharan Africa countries addressing their local asthma burden.
This article discusses the critical role for locally derived data on NCDs and injuries in low-resource settings in shaping public sector capacity and national policies to effectively address the disease burden in countries like Uganda. In addition to explaining the current status of available NCD data specific to Uganda, the authors describe a few promising NCD initiatives being pursued across the country and propose recommendations for other low and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Produced as a background report in preparation of a WHO Planning Meeting on the Global Initiative for Treatment of Chronic Diseases held in Cairo in December 2005, this analysis investigates the global price, availability, and affordability of chronic disease medicines for asthma, hypertension, diabetes, epilepsy, and psychiatric disorders. The report also provides national and international policy recommendations.
Clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were developed as a joint effort by the Indian Chest Society and National College of Chest Physicians in India, specifically for the Indian context, given the vast inequalities that exist within the country in terms of availability and affordability of medical services.
This article demonstrates a strategy for assessing the use and acceptability of available brands of clean cookstoves in rural India, taking into account local fuel availability and cultural practices. As the authors suggest, assessing and designing cookstove-related interventions in an effective way could help reduce the risk of NCDs from indoor air pollution.
This article discusses the idea of "fuel poverty" and explains the links between poverty, the lack of access to quality, clean energy sources, and exposure to the ill health effects of indoor air pollution. Indoor air pollution is leading to higher rates of chronic diseases and injuries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and southeast Asia, and these inequalities should be factored into international efforts in both the public health and energy communities.
The WHO Report, prepared by a Working Group on Improving Health Outcomes in the Poor for the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, describes the burden of chronic respiratory disease and lung cancer resulting indoor air pollution in developing countries. The report also presents policy and intervention measures and discusses costs of these measures and key challenges to implementation.
This article discusses the risk assessment data which has contributed to the understanding of the global disease burden attributable to household air pollution, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), acute respiratory infections in children, lung cancer, cataract, and CVD in adults.